Laparoscopy is often suggested by health experts as an alternative to an open surgery. Gynecologic Laparoscopy uses a laparoscope to look inside your pelvic region, whereas an open surgery requires a large incision. A laparoscope is a slender, lighted telescope that allows the doctor to see inside your body.
Diagnostic Laparoscopy is usually used to determine the presence of certain conditions like Endometriosis or Fibroids. It can also be used as a treatment where miniaturised instruments are used. This procedure is used in various kind of surgeries including:
- Ovarian cyst removal
- Tubal ligation, which is surgical contraception
Surgeons generally recommend this procedure since it has a shorter healing time than open surgery. Plus, it leaves small scars which are barely visible. Apart from Gynaecologists, a general surgeon or another type of specialist can perform this procedure.
Why would you need Gynecologic Laparoscopy?
As mentioned earlier, Laparoscopy can be used for diagnosis, treatment, or both. In fact, a diagnostic procedure can turn into treatment at times.
One may require a diagnostic laparoscopy for the following reasons:
- unexplained pelvic pain,
- unexplained infertility,
- a history of pelvic infection.
You may also need to be diagnosed using Laparoscopy if you have conditions like:
- Uterine fibroids,
- Ovarian cysts or tumours,
- Ectopic pregnancy,
- Pelvic Abscess, or pus,
- Pelvic Adhesions, or painful scar tissue,
- Pelvic Inflammatory disease,
- Reproductive Cancers.
How is the procedure performed?
In most cases, Laparoscopy is performed under general anaesthesia, which means you’ll stay unconscious throughout the procedure. Most importantly, it is possible to get discharged the same day.
Once you are unconscious, a small tube called Catheter will be connected to collect your urine. Then your abdomen is filled with carbon dioxide gas using a needle. This keeps the abdominal wall away from your organs, reducing the risk of injury.
The surgeon will create a small cut in your navel and put the laparoscope inside which transmits the images to a screen. This helps the doctor to get a clear view of your organs. If it is performed only for a diagnosis, then the doctor will take a look and it will be done.
In the case of a surgery, he/she might make other incisions. Through these holes, instruments will be inserted and the surgery will be performed while the laparoscope will function as a guide.
If you are opting for a laparoscopic surgery or you are recommended by a doctor, it is wiser to discuss the pros and cons of the procedure with the doctor so that you get a clear picture about it. You can book an appointment with the top gynaecologists from your area by visiting www.tiyo.in.